HISTORY OF E-LEARNING


21 June 2021

E-learning refers to learning or training conducted through an electronic medium such as a computer or phone. Before the advent of the Internet and the computer, rudimentary forms of distance learning were popular amongst the educated during the 19th century. 

These techniques included sending correspondences through the mail and were mainly used to improve people’s written skills. In the early to mid-20th century (1924-1954), researchers invented and began to test machines with testing and teaching capabilities. In 1960, PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automated Teaching Operations) was created. This was the world’s first computer-based learning program. It was originally tested on students at the University of Illinois, but it quickly gained popularity for its advanced capabilities and was implemented at national schools. 

Between the 1960s and the 1990s, computer technology started to become smaller and more accessible. The first home computers began to make their way to the market, making it possible to do learning at a distance utilizing an electronic device. However, during this time, the Internet was still in its infancy, and broadband networks had yet to be built to service the general public. As a result, E-learning was limited to those who had access to a computer and was mainly conducted using CD-ROMS. The rise of the Internet and the popularization of personalized computers helped lead to the growth of e-learning platforms online.

During the late 20th century, computer hardware and software companies experienced a dramatic improvement in their technological capabilities. Personal home computers became more commonplace, and computer hardware companies like Apple and Microsoft began to offer software options with their hardware. These options included e-learning platforms that could be accessed at home using the Internet and an electronic device. This new form of “virtual learning” became extremely popular amongst those in the working public, as distance learning on a virtual platform allowed them to study and train on their own time and in a way that worked with their schedules. The Internet also began to provide a treasure trove of resources that were easier to access and built-in software that could facilitate online learning.

E-learning has advanced significantly since the start of the millennium until now. During the 2000s, computer hardware and software companies began developing more affordable mobile options such as laptops and cellphones. Mobile devices with internet accessibility helped to facilitate e-learning from anywhere with an internet connection. As a result, E-learning companies began to build learning management systems (LMS), which were highly sophisticated versions of their software predecessors of the 1990s. These LMS’s were cloud-based, meaning they could be accessed and downloaded directly from the Internet. The most modern form of these LMS’s includes open-source cloud-based LMS that can support advanced authorization and utilize Artificial Intelligence to deliver insights and updates to the system automatically. Cloud-based LMS’s allows end-users to individually tailor their courses to meet their specific need and can easily be downloaded and installed on most mobile devices. They offer easy enrollment and project management features that allow administrators to track and manage learning outcomes and expectations. They also provide testing and grading. Many LMS’s also utilize user data and surveys to help improve their services over time.

Maria is a writer at Enki Tech, a Downtown Santa Monica technology company that specializes in the development of high-quality, user friendly software, web platforms and mobile apps.

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